Em documentos divulgados no Twitter, o perfil oficial do Wikileaks, a organização afirma que o presidente interino do Brasil, Michel Temer (PMDB), foi informante da Embaixada dos Estados Unidos no Brasil.
Os documentos divulgados pela organização sueca mostram que Michel Temer teria falado com a embaixada via telegrama e o conteúdo seria classificado como “sensível” e “para apenas uso oficial”. As transmissões dos arquivos teriam sido feitas no dia 11 de janeiro 2006 (quarta-feira), às 14h02 e no dia 21 de junho 2006 (quarta-feira), às 16h05. Não há informações sobre o fuso horário da entrega.
Nos documentos divulgados, Temer passaria sua visão de como estava a situação política no Brasil na época. São opiniões sobre as eleições que ocorreriam em 2006, quando Lula foi reeleito. Temer teria analisado cenários em que o partido dele (PMDB) poderia ganhar as eleições. Nos documentos, ele também teria falado sobre as diferenças entre Lula e Fernando Henrique Cardoso. Em uma das frases citadas no texto, Temer teria dito que “as classes C, D e E acreditam que Fernando Henrique roubou dos pobres e deu para os ricos. Já Lula roubou dos ricos para dar aos pobres”.
Os telegramas falam ainda sobre uma possível disputa entre um candidato do PMDB com Lula, caso não houvesse acordo entre os partidos. O nome de Anthony Garotinho teria sido cogitado neste momento, mas haveria uma resistência no PMDB. Germano Rigotto, na época governador do Rio Grande do Sul, e Nelson Jobim, ex-ministro da Defesa, também foram cogitados. Em outro trecho do documento, Temer se negou a prever como ficaria a corrida eleitoral, mas afirmou que haveria segundo turno. Disse apenas que “qualquer coisa poderia acontecer”. Na ocasião, ele teria confirmado que o seu partido não apresentava candidatos à presidência e que o PMDB não seria aliado do PT e nem do PSDB, pelo menos até o segundo turno.
Temer teria dito que o PMDB elegeria, naquele ano, entre 10 e 15 governadores pelo país. O partido teria também as maiores bancadas no Senado e na Câmara dos Deputados. Sendo assim, o presidente que fosse eleito teria que se reportar ao PMDB para governar. “Quem quer que vença a eleição presidencial terá que vir até nós para fazer qualquer coisa”, teria dito o político.
Documento na integra do Wikileaks
1. (U) Sensitive but Unclassified – protect accordingly.
2. (SBU) Summary: Federal Deputy Michel Temer, national
president of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB),
believes that public disillusion with President Lula and the
Workers’ Party (PT) provides an opportunity for the PMDB to
field its own candidate in the 2006 presidential election.
However, party divisions and the lack of a compelling choice
as a candidate could force the PMDB into an alliance with
Lula’s PT or the opposition PSDB. If Lula’s polling numbers
do not improve before the PMDB primaries in March, Temer
said his party might nominate its own candidate. This would
still allow the party to forge an alliance with the PT or
PSDB in a runoff, assuming that the PMDB candidate fails to
make the second round. Given its centrist orientation, the
PMDB may hold the balance of votes between the two opposing
forces. It is also likely to remain a force at the local
and state level. Temer believes it has a chance to win as
many as 14 gubernatorial races. End Summary.
With Allies Like This . . .
3. (SBU) Michel Temer, a Federal deputy from Sao Paulo who
served as president of the Chamber of Deputies from 1997
through 2000, met January 9 with CG and poloffs to discuss
the current political situation. Lula’s election, he said,
had raised great hope among the Brazilian people, but his
performance in office has been disappointing. Temer
criticized Lula’s narrow vision and his excessive focus on
social safety net programs that don’t promote growth or
economic development. The PT had campaigned on one program
and, once in office, had done the opposite of what it
promised, which Temer characterized as electoral fraud.
Worse, some PT leaders had stolen state money, not for
personal gain, but to expand the party’s power, and had thus
fomented a great deal of popular disillusion.
PMDB Perceives an Opening
4. (SBU) This reality, Temer continued, opens an
opportunity for the PMDB. The party currently holds nine
statehouses and has the second-highest number of federal
deputies (after the PT), along with a great many mayoralties
and city council and state legislative seats. Polls show
that voters are tired of both the PT and the main opposition
party, the Brazilian Social Democratic Party (PSDB). For
example, a recent poll showed former governor (and PMDB
state chairman) Orestes Quercia leading in the race for Sao
Paulo state governor.
Divisions Dog the Party
5. (SBU) Asked why the PMDB remains so divided, Temer said
the reasons were both historical and related to the nature
of Brazilian political parties. The PMDB grew out of the
Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB) under the military
dictatorship, which operated as an umbrella group for
legitimate opposition to the military dictatorship. After
the restoration of democracy, some members left the PMDB to
form new parties (such as the PT and PSDB), but many of
those who remained now act as power brokers at the local and
regional level. Thus the PMDB has no real unifying national
identity but rather an umbrella organization for regional
“caciques” or bosses. Temer noted that the PMDB is not the
only divided party. Although there are 28 political parties
in Brazil, most of them do not represent an ideology or a
particular line of political thinking that would support a
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PMDB Primaries Set for March
6. (SBU) Temer confirmed press reports that he is seeking
to move the March 5 primary date to a date later in the
month. (Note: March 31 is the deadline for executives and
Ministers to resign their offices if they plan to run for
public office. End Note.) There will be some 20,000
electors, he said, including all PMDB members who hold
electoral office (federal and state deputies, governors,
mayors, vice-governors and -mayors, and other elected
municipal officials) as well as delegates chosen at state
Lula’s Numbers Will Drive PMDB Strategy
7. (SBU) If, between now and the primary, the Lula
government’s standing in the polls improves, it is still
possible the PMDB will seek an electoral alliance with Lula
and the PT, Temer said. If not, the PMDB will run its own
candidate. So far, Rio de Janeiro ex-governor Anthony
Garotinho has been working the hardest, reaching out to the
whole country in search of support. But there is resistance
to him from within the PMDB, in part due to his populist
image, in part because there appears to be a ceiling to his
support. Germano Rigotto, governor of Rio Grande do Sul
(reftels) is a possible candidate, though he is still not
well known outside the south. Nelson Jobim, a judge on the
Supreme Federal Tribunal (STF) who has announced his
intention to step down, is another possibility; however, he
can’t campaign until he leaves the Tribunal, and he may not
have time to attract the support necessary to win the
PMDB’s Fallback – PT or PSDB in Second Round
8. (SBU) Temer was confident that despite its current
division, the PMDB will unite for the election, whether in
support of its own candidate or in alliance with another
party. If it runs a candidate who fails to make it to the
second round, the party will seek to negotiate an alliance
with one of the two finalists. He noted that the PMDB had
supported the government of PSDB former president Fernando
Henrique Cardoso, and said there should be a “re-fusion” of
the two parties into a permanent grand alliance. The PMDB
would have no problem with either Sao Paulo Mayor Jose Serra
or Sao Paulo state governor Geraldo Alckmin, who are
competing for the PSDB nomination. In 2002, the PMDB
supported Serra against Lula.
9. (SBU) Asked about the party’s program, Temer indicated
that the PMDB favors policies to support economic growth.
It has no objection to the Free Trade Area of the Americas
(FTAA). It would prefer to see Mercosul strengthened so as
to negotiate FTAA as a bloc, but the trend appears to be
moving the other way.
Comment: PMDB As Power Broker?
10. (SBU) For now, the PMDB is keeping its options open.
Though Temer didn’t mention it, the party’s leadership is
waiting to see whether the “verticalizacao” rule will remain
in force for the 2006 elections. This rule, decreed by a
2002 decision of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE),
dictates that electoral alliances at the national level must
be replicated in races for governors and federal deputies.
The Senate passed a measure repealing the rule, and the
lower chamber is expected to vote on it shortly, with
prospects uncertain. There is also a legal challenge to the
rule pending which the TSE will likely take up in February.
The PMDB wants to know the rules of the game before deciding
on possible alliances, since most observers believe that a
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PMDB presidential candidate would not fare well under the
current system of “verticalizacao.” Temer appeared open to
the possibility of an alliance with either the PT or the
PSDB, or to a stand-alone PMDB candidate. Given its
centrist orientation, the PMDB may hold the balance of votes
between Lula’s PT and the opposition PSDB, and thus bears
watching closely in the months ahead. End Comment.
11. (U) Biographic Note: Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia
has served as federal deputy from Sao Paulo since 1987,
except for a two-year period (1993-94) when he was Secretary
for Public Security in the Sao Paulo state government. He
studied at the University of Sao Paulo and earned a
Doctorate in Law from the Catholic University of Sao Paulo.
From 1984 through 1986 he was the state’s Prosecutor
General. He served as the PMDB’s leader in the Camara de
Deputados 1995-97 and as President of the Camara 1997-2000.
He was national president of the PMDB 2001-03 and 2004-
12. (U) This cable was cleared/coordinated with Embassy